Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
The search for new, environment friendly energy sources
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Diatoms and nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria living in the world’s oceans play a key role in nitrogen and carbon cycles. Rachel Foster is studying how this symbiosis works at molecular level. This knowledge may aid understanding of plant evolution as well as our future climate.
The aim is to map the DNA of a thousand individuals from different parts of Europe and Asia over a time span of almost 50,000 years.
The human genome resembles a book written in an unknown language. The letters are recognizable, but the words are incomprehensible. Researchers are now hoping to crack the “DNA regulatory code”. This would pave the way to understand how genes are expressed, and would ultimately explain the occurrence of cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.