#
Program for mathematics 2020

**Visting Professor**

Dr Gerard Freixas i Montplet

Researcher at the Department of Mathematics, Jussieu – Paris Rive Gauche

Nominated by:

Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg

## At the boundary between geometry and arithmetic

Gerard Freixas i Montplet is a researcher at the Department of Mathematics, Jussieu – Paris Rive Gauche, France. Thanks to a grant from Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, he will be a visiting professor at the Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

The study of moduli spaces is at the heart of modern algebraic geometry. Moduli spaces were designed about 50 years ago as a way of organizing and classifying a large number of geometric objects. This project focuses on better understanding both the geometric and number theoretical properties of moduli spaces.

A moduli space can also be regarded as a map. While each point on the familiar geographical maps corresponds to a location, the points in a moduli space correspond to different geometric objects. In the same way as you can see mountains and valleys on a regular map, you can see details in the landscape of the moduli space. However, moduli spaces are very complicated maps, so different approaches have been developed to read them. For example, you can study the map locally, i.e. only a small area of the moduli space at a time and try to draw conclusions about the whole space.

Most often, attempts to understand the geometry of the moduli space use properties that are inspired by physics, for example how a kind of temperature varies between different points. The current project uses a specific form of the heat equation; this partial differential equation was developed 200 years ago to describe how heat flows from warmer to colder areas. Since then, the equation has become of fundamental importance to widely differing scientific fields, from quantum mechanics and finance to image recognition and machine learning techniques.

One form of the heat equation used in this project is a special type of function, known as analytic torsion. Analytic torsion is built up on the basis of various energy levels found in the moduli space, so studies of how this function varies across the space might lead to the desired mapping.